TOP – Nigeria ist das erste afrikanische Land, das FGM verbietet – Female Genital Mutilation Banned In Nigeria

FGMzur englischen Version spanischNigeria hat den historischen Schritt getan, die Praxis der weiblichen Genitalverstümmelung (FGM – Genitalverstümmelung bei Frauen) zu ächten. Die Bewegung der Aktivisten beschrieb es als gute Nachricht.

Die Regierung hat ein neues Bundesgesetz eingeführt, das verbietet, die externen Geschlechtsorgane der Mädchen ganz oder teilweise zu entfernen. Der scheidende Präsident, Goodluck Jonathan, unterzeichnete das Verbot im Gesetz als eine seiner letzten Handlungen als Führer. Bei den Präsidentschaftswahlen in Nigeria im März von Muhammadu Buhari, unterlag er.

Das Gesetz, das vom Senat verabschiedet wurde, verbietet auch Männern, ihre Frauen oder Kinder ohne wirtschaftliche Unterstützung zu verlassen.

Bei rund einem Viertel der nigerianischen Frauen wurde FGM durchgeführt – das zu Unfruchtbarkeit, Müttersterblichkeit, Infektionen und Verlust der sexuellen Lust führen kann – nach Angaben von UN-2014. Die Praxis wurde bereits in einigen Staaten verboten, aber jetzt ist es landesweit.

Es wird geschätzt, dass 125 Millionen Mädchen und Frauen auf der ganzen Welt mit den Folgen der weiblichen Genitalverstümmelung leben, die in Afrika und im Nahen Osten am weitesten verbreitet ist.

A young Nigerian girl from the Hausa tribe stands next to the line as her mother joins others queuing to validate their voting cards, at a polling station located in an Islamic school in Daura, the home town of opposition candidate Gen. Muhammadu Buhari, in northern Nigeria Saturday, March 28, 2015. Nigerians went to the polls Saturday in presidential elections which analysts say will be the most tightly contested in the history of Africa's richest nation and its largest democracy. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)

A young Nigerian girl from the Hausa tribe stands next to the line as her mother joins others queuing to validate their voting cards, at a polling station located in an Islamic school in Daura, the home town of opposition candidate Gen. Muhammadu Buhari, in northern Nigeria Saturday, March 28, 2015. Nigerians went to the polls Saturday in presidential elections which analysts say will be the most tightly contested in the history of Africa’s richest nation and its largest democracy. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)

Female genital mutilation (FGM) – Finally banned in Nigeria FINALLY

Nigeria’s female genital mutilation ban is important precedent, say campaignersThe Nigerian government has taken the historic step of outlawing the practice of female genital mutilation (FGM), in a move campaigners describe as “hugely important”. Nigeria – a cultural and political powerhouse in Africa – introduced a new federal law banning the practice, which involves removing part or all of a girl’s outer sexual organs. The outgoing president, Goodluck Jonathan, signed the ban into law as one of his final acts as leader. He was beaten in Nigeria’s presidential election in March by Muhammadu Buhari, who was sworn into office on Friday. The law, which was passed by the Senate on 5 May, also prohibits men from abandoning their wives or children without economic support. Around a quarter of Nigerian women have undergone FGM – which can cause infertility, maternal death, infections and the loss of sexual pleasure – according to 2014 UN data.

The practice was already banned in some states, but now it will be outlawed throughout the country. It is estimated that 125 million girls and women globally are living with the effects of FGM, which is most widespread in Africa and the Middle East. The Guardian recently launched a global media campaign to end the practice, with backing from the United Nations Population Fund, in order to help local journalists report on FGM and shed light on its consequences. The news of Nigeria’s ban was welcomed by campaigners who hope it will have a knock-on effect in other African nations where FGM is still legal and widely practised.

“This is fantastic news and a landmark moment. We are now one step closer to ending this harmful practice,” said UK international development secretary Justine Greening. As the most populous country in Africa, Nigeria’s decision carries significant weight, but it would need to be implemented effectively, said Mary Wandia, FGM programme manager of Equality Now. “With such a huge population, Nigeria’s vote in favour of women and girls is hugely important,” she said. “We hope, too, that the other African countries which have yet to ban FGM – including Liberia, Sudan and Mali, among others – do so immediately to give all girls a basic level of protection.” Advertisement Others stressed that the battle to end FGM in a generation was far from over, saying it was crucial that attitudes, as well as laws, were changed.

“It is crucial that we scale up efforts to change traditional cultural views that underpin violence against women. Only then will this harmful practice be eliminated,” said Stella Mukasa, director of gender, violence and rights at the International Center for Research on Women, writing in the Guardian. Tanya Barron, chief executive of the global children’s charity Plan UK, said prosecution must be just one strand of international efforts to end FGM. “This must be centred on working with girls and their communities to ensure that they know the risks of this human rights violation,” she said. “What is encouraging is that we are talking more and more about FGM. This is crucial to break the taboos around the subject and to help ensure that, in future, girls can live free from the risks it brings. Quelle

Nigeria ha dado el paso histórico de declarar ilegal la práctica de la mutilación genital femenina (FGM – Female Genital Mutilation), el movimiento de activistas lo describen como una gran noticia.

El gobierno ha introducido una nueva ley federal que prohíbe la práctica, que consiste en extraer parte o la totalidad de los órganos sexuales externos de la niña. El presidente saliente, Goodluck Jonathan, firmó la prohibición en la ley como uno de sus últimos actos como líder. Fue derrotado en las elecciones presidenciales de Nigeria en marzo por Muhammadu Buhari, quien hizo juramento de su cargo el viernes.

La ley, que fue aprobada por el Senado el 5 de mayo, también prohíbe a los hombres abandonen a sus esposas o hijos sin el apoyo económico.

Alrededor de una cuarta parte de las mujeres nigerianas han sufrido FGM – que puede causar infertilidad, muerte materna, las infecciones y la pérdida del placer sexual – de acuerdo a los datos de 2014 de la ONU. La práctica ya fue prohibido en algunos estados, pero ahora se prohibió en todo el país.

Se estima que 125 millones de niñas y mujeres en todo el mundo están viviendo con los efectos de la FGM, que es el más extendido en África y el Medio Oriente. Quelle

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Netzfrauen Angelika Durieux und Ursula Eisemann 

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